The situation right now is getting more serious, increasing numbers of patients positive with the disease. We should not let our guard down. In this article, we will talk about anything you need to know about Coronavirus. Currently, Phillippines is on Enhance Community Quarantine (ECQ), President Rodrigo R. Duterte (PRRD) orders Luzon-wide ‘enhanced community quarantine’ on the 16th of March 2020 due to the threat of Covid-19. But what it is really about with this virus? Do we have all the information that we need to understand this contagion? Are we doing the best that we can to prevent the spread?
This Disease is already Pandemic. Read on this for you to understand more about this Covid-19.
Coronavirus disease (Covid-19) is an infectious disease caused by a newly discovered coronavirus. The disease was first identified in Wuhan, China and has spread to various countries. It was informally called “Wuhan Coronavirus” until the World Health Organization (WHO) renamed it as “COVID-19” because they want other people to pronounce it easily. So, the official name for this virus is “SARS-CoV-2”. SARS-CoV-2 was genetically very similar to the SARS (Severe acute respiratory syndrome) Coronavirus outbreak in 2002.
Common Signs and Symptoms include:
- Shortness of breath
Other Symptoms may/ may not include:
- Nasal Congestion
- Sore throat
- Pain in muscles and joints
- Nausea and/or vomiting
In severe cases, the patient will experience:
- High fever
- Coughing up blood
- Decreases white blood cells
- Kidney Failure
While the majority of cases are mild symptoms and can progress to Pneumonia and multi-organ failure.
The disease is caused by the above mentioned severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), it can be transferred between persons via respiratory droplets from coughs and sneezes, it is Between people who are in close contact with one another (within about 6 feet).
It is also possible that a person can get the COVID-19 virus bu touching a surface or object that is contaminated by the virus. And then the person will then touch their mouth, nose or eyes.
The transmissibility of the virus is rapid and easily spreads in the community (“community spread”). This is when patients do not know where they have acquired the disease.
The most important thing that you need to know about the COVID-19 is how you will prevent yourself from this deadly virus.
- Stay at home – it may sound vague, but this is the easiest way to avoid the spread of the disease. Avoid crowded places but if you need to be somewhere else then practice” Social distancing”.
- Wash Hands – Do it as often as possible the virus can stay in your hands for about 10 minutes, and a lot can happen in 10 mins, you might rub your nose. Wash your hands thoroughly with soap for 20 seconds.
- Respiratory Hygiene – Cover your mouth and nose when you are sneezing or coughing and also when someone is. Use your elbow if no tissue is available.
- The use of masks is recommended if a person is coughing or sneezing or when one is taking care of someone with a suspected infection.
- Boost your immune system – Not just by taking Vitamin C, Doctors recommended taking vitamins with Zinc.
Since the vaccine for COVID-19 is not yet available, we need to exercise all the proper prevention. Follow the Government and health workers’ advice, it will save us form this disease.
WHO published testing protocols for the Covid-19.
- Reverse Transcription Polymerase chain reaction (RRT-PCR) – typically done on respiratory samples obtained by a nasopharyngeal swab, however a nasal swab or sputum sample may also be used, results may be available after few hours to maximum of 2(two) days,
- Blood Test – requires two blood samples taken two weeks apart and the results have little immediate value
- Chest X-ray and CT scan – but it has little value when the case is on an early stage. These will be valuable when the symptoms transpire.
Alright, I hope not to get this far, but just in case you are positive or you are taking care of a suspected patient, then, here’s Anything You Need to Know About Coronavirus Management. A patient is managed by Supportive Care because we do not have the exact medication to cure the underlying cause.
- The person should wear a simple mask
- Recommended taking paracetamol (acetaminophen) over ibuprofen for first-line use.
- Mechanical ventilation (artificial assistance to support breathing) is given the case worsens. This is often the case for older adults.
Since it is pandemic it will be a big challenge to health care providers to support everyone and we were not sure if a country is ready to face the big challenge, so I reiterate to follow the advice of the NGO and Health providers.
The research for vaccine and treatment is still ongoing and WHO will continue to provide updated information as soon as clinical findings become available.
The fatality rate of Covid-19has an average 3.5% but it actually differs through age, it is higher in older people (60 and above), country and timeframes.
Whatever it is, we are facing a big obstacle right now, so, even if you are not a health care provider, you can still do something just by following precautions. Believe that this will pass. Stay strong mentally and physically.